Economic Development And Its Measurement
National development seeks to achieve fairly high economic growth, the ultimate goal of which will be to improve the quality of life and welfare for the entire community. Economic growth is interrelated with the process of increasing the production of goods and services in people's economic activities. In other words, growth is a single-dimensional development and is assessed by increasing production output and increasing income. This shows an increase in national income which is reflected by the total number of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Indonesia, as a developing country, is in the midst of carrying out planned and gradual development, without neglecting the efforts of equity and stability in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic, which has made a number of sources of funds used to maintain public health so that for development and equitable distribution of the people's economy, the government is expected to recover immediately. People's economy slumped. Economic growth is a long-term economic problem and is a fundamental phenomenon in every country today. The process of economic growth has parameters with measurements through GNP, foreign exchange reserves, the balance of payments balance, and others. However, Islam commands humans to uphold justice in all issues related to muamalah, including economic justice. Zakat is one of the pillars in reducing the gap between the rich and the poor. QS At Taubah 60 explains that humans are entitled to receive zakat, the first 4 parties are high priority and the second 4 parties are low priority. Through the Amil Zakat Agency as an official government institution, the portrait of economic inequality can be reduced from year to year. This agency has become a reference for the international community as an innovative and massive agency or institution in helping the people.
Ahmad Ma’aruf dan Latri Wihastuti, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia: Determinan dan Prospeknya, Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan, Volume 9, Nomor 1, April 2008
Team Baznas Provinsi Riau , Buku saku Zakat , kalangan sendiri Pekanbaru Riau 2017
Chapra, M. Umer. Islam and Economic Development. Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2000.
Chapra, M. Umer. Islam and The Economic Challenge. Yogyakarta: Dana Bhakti Wakaf, 1998.
Hafidhuddin, Didin, Zakat Dalam Perekonomian Modern, Jakarta, Gema Insani Press, 2002 hal.17
Ahmad, Khursyid. 85.Al-Tanmiyah al-iqtisodiyah fi ithorin islamiyin, terjemah Rafiq Al-misri, Majalah Abhas al-iqtisod al-islami, nomor 2, bagian 2.
Al-Fasi, Al-Syaikh Allal. Al-Islam wa mutatollabat al-tanmiyah fi mujtama’ al-yaum.
Darran: Multaqa al-fikr al-Islami, 1971.
Yusuf, Ibrahim. Istiratijiyatu wa Tiknik al-Tanmiah al-Iqtisodiyah fi al-Islam. Kairo: Al-Ittihad al-Dauli li al-Bunuk al-Islamiyah, 1981.
Al-Mannan, Muhammad Abd. tt. Al-Iqtisâd al-Islâmi baina al-nazariyat wa al-tathbiq. Al-Maktab al-ârabi al-hadis.
Chapra, M.Umer. Islam and Economic Development. USA: The Internasional Institute of Islamic Though (IIIT), 1992.
Yunus, Muhammad. The Poor as the Engine of Development dalam Economic Impact 2. (1988).
Al-Banna, Hasan. Majmu’at at-Rasai. Alexandaria: Darud Dakwah, 1989.
Mannan, M. Abdul. Islamic Economiys, Theory and Practice terj. M.Nastangin, Teori dan Praktek Ekonomi Islam Yogyakarta: Dana Bakti Waqaf, 1997.
Al-Tariqi, Abdullah Abdul Husein. Ekonomi Islam: Prinsip, Dasar dan Tujuan. Yogyakarta: Magistra Insania Press, 2004.
Beik,I.S. Ekonomic Role of zakat in Reducing Poverty Ang Income Inequality : A Case Study in the Province of DKI Jakarta, Indonesia, Deutschland; LAP Lambert Akademic, Publishing. 2013.
Qurroh Ayuniyyah dkk, The Comparison between Comsumption and Production-based Zakat Distribution Programs for Poverty Alleviation and Income Inequality Reduction, International Journal of Zakat Vol 2 (2) 2017
Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Erwin Soaduan Pohan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.